Section 128(a) – Brownfields Program
The Kickapoo Department of Environmental Programs (KDEP) strives to promote effective environmental programs that promote protection of the environment and human health with respect to surface water, drinking water, air, solid waste, underground storage tanks, hazardous waste, emergency response, environmental justice, pesticides and environmental planning projects. With the addition of a 128(a) program, KDEP will complete existing services by the following goals:
- Develop a site inventory on tribal lands
- Strengthen the tribe’s capacity to respond to contaminated sites
- Fostered public participation through outreach and education
- Develop cleanup standards
You can find the current public record of Brownfields sites our department is working on by clicking KTO Tribal Response Program Public Record (28 July 2017).
Written by: Sabine E. Martin, Ph.D., P.G.
What is a Brownfield?
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines a brownfield as “…real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant” (Public Law 107-118 (H>R> 2869) – “Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act”, signed into law January 11,2002). A brownfield typically is underutilized, idled and/or abandoned property.
Examples of Brownfield Sites
Brownfields sites include abandoned factories and other industrial facilities, service stations, oil storage facilities, dry cleaning businesses and any other business or facility that dealt with hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants. Mine-scared lands, properties impacted by asbestos and/or lead based paint, and controlled substances can be brownfields.
How many Brownfields are there in the U.S.?
The U.S. Government Accounting Office estimates that there are between 400,000 and 600,000 brownfields throughout the U.S.
What is the EPA Brownfields Program?
EPA’s brownfields program started in 1995 with the provision of a small amount of “seed money” to local governments that launched hundreds of 2-year brownfield “pilot” projects. The four main goals of the brownfields program are:
- Protection of the environment by addressing brownfields.
- Promotion of partnerships by enhancing collaboration and communication essential to facilitate brownfields cleanup and reuse.
- Strengthen the marketplace by providing financial and technical assistance to bolster the private market.
- Sustain reuse by redeveloping brownfields to enhance a community’s long-term quality of life.